The Concept of Development

By | 26 Mar 2013
Geography CAPS > Grade 11 CAPS > Development Geography > The Concept of Development

Terminology associated with development:

  • Developed country
    Countries with an economic base built largely on manufacturing and technology rather than agriculture.
  • Developing country
    A non-industrialized poor country that is seeking to develop its resources by industrialization.
  • More economically developed countries (MEDCs)
    A highly industrialized country characterized by significant technological development, high per capita income, and low population growth rates. Examples of such countries include the United States, Canada, Japan, and many countries in Europe.
  • Less economically developed countries (LEDCs)
    Country characterized by minimal industrialization, low technological development, low per capita income, and high population growth rates. Many of these countries are found in Asia, Africa, and Central and South America.
  • Industrialised countries
    Countries whose economy is based on Industry

The concept of development:

  • Economic development
    An increase in living standards, improvement in self-esteem needs and freedom from oppression as well as a greater choice.
  • Social development
    Social development is about putting people at the centre of development.This means a commitment that development processes need to benefit people, particularly but not only the poor, but also a recognition that people, and the way they interact in groups and society, and the norms that facilitates such interaction, shape development processes.
  • Sustainable development
    Sustainable development (SD) refers to a mode of human development in which resource use aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but also for generations to come.
  • Appropriate scale
  • Spatial aspects

Economic, social and demographic indicators of development: