Energy Management in South Africa • South Africa’s changing energy needs; • energy management, towards greener economies and sustainable life styles: responsibilities of governments, businesses and individuals.
Non-conventional Energy Sources • solar energy – examples from South Africa and the world; • wind energy – examples from South Africa and the world; • future of non-conventional energy in South Africa; and • possible effects of using more non-conventional energy on the South African economy and the environment.
Conventional Energy Sources and their Impact on the Environment • maps and graphs to show thermal, hydro, and nuclear energy production in South Africa; • thermal electricity generation using coal – outline of principles and processes; • the impact of coal mining and thermal power stations – environmental despoliation, solid waste, waste gases and rain;… Read More »
Soil and Soil Erosion • how soils are formed; • soil as a resource; • causes of soil erosion: human, animal, physical, and past and present; • evidence of soil erosion in South Africa; • effects of soil erosion on people and the environment; and • management strategies to prevent and control soil erosion.
Using Resources • the relationship between resources and economic development; • exploitation and depletion of resources; and • concepts of sustainability and sustainable use of resources.
Concept of development aid and development co-operation http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/development/aid_rev1.shtml http://www.s-cool.co.uk/gcse/geography/development/revise-it/aid Development cooperation is not Aid. “Aid is what you give to people when they are sick or dying” – Brian Atwood Development cooperation is not Aid. “Aid is what you give to people when they are sick or dying” – Brian Atwood – 2/4 from Ideas… Read More »
International trade and world markets: Commodities traded: Commodity market refers to physical or virtual transactions of buying and selling involving raw or primary commodities. A soft commodity generally refers to commodities harvested as products like wheat, coffee, cocoa, sugar, corn, wheat, soybean and fruit traded in the commodity market. Hard commodities usually refer to commodities… Read More »
Factors that affect development, including: Access to resources, energy, history, trade imbalances, population growth, education and training, natural resource limitations and environmental degradation (explore the complexity and inter-related nature of these factors) Development models: Free market models: Rostow’s model 1. Traditional society 2. Preconditions for take-off 3. Take-off 4. Drive to maturity 5. Age of High mass… Read More »