Urban Climates Reasons for differences between rural and urban climates Urban heat islands – causes and effects Concept of pollution domes – causes and effects Strategies to reduce the heat island effect

Valley Climates The micro-climate of valleys (the effect of the slope aspect) Development of anabatic and katabatic winds, inversions, frost pockets and radiation fog The influence of local climates on human activities such as settlement and farming

Subtropical Anticyclones and Associated Weather Conditions Location of the high-pressure cells that affect South Africa General characteristics of these high-pressure cells Anticyclonic air circulation around South Africa, and its influence on weather and climate Travelling disturbances associated with anticyclonic circulation: …

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