Overview of South Africa’s topography. Types of slopes. Slope elements: crest, cliff (scarp slope, free face), talus (debris, scree slope) and pediment. Characteristics of the slope elements: crest, cliff, talus and pediment.   Slope development over time. The concept of …

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Topography Associated with Massive Igneous Rocks: Batholiths, laccoliths, lopoliths, dykes and sills Batholiths Laccoliths Dykes Sills Characteristics and processes associated with the development of: Granite domes   Tors